Explain the three major problems faced by people who migrated to Bombay during the19th century.
Ans. Bombay became the capital of the Bombay Presidency.
The city quickly developed and its trade in cotton and opium is developed. People from all over India migrated here in search of livelihood. But the life of migrants was not smooth. The three major problems faced by people who migrated to Bombay during the 19th century were
(i) Bombay became a crowded city. With the rapid
expansion of the city, the crisis of housing became acute by the mid-19th century.
(ii) The congested city life of Bombay developed the problem of water supply. Water was scarce and people often quarrelled every morning for a turn at the tap.
(iii) Due to high rents, migrants were forced to share homes, either with relatives or caste fellows who were streaming into the cities.