(i) By 1890, a global agricultural economy had taken shape. It was accompanied by complex changes in labour movement patterns, capital flows, ecologies and technology.
(ii) Food no longer came from a nearby village or town, but from thousands of miles away. Forests were cleared by agricultural labourers of other countries and the land tilled and cultivated by them.
(iii) Railways were specially built to carry the migrant labourers for this purpose or ships to carry labour again could be manned by low paid workers of Europe, Asia, Africa and the Caribbeans.
(iv) As a result of this economy, self-sufficiency of food production almost ended.
(v) As urban centres expanded and grew the demand for agricultural products increased pushing up food grain prices. Food now could be imported from other countries in large cargo ships.