Examine any two institutional amendments made by different institutions to reform political parties and their leaders.
Institutional amendments made by different institutions to reform political parties and their leaders:
- The constitution was amended to prevent elected MLA’s and MP’s from changing parties. This was done because many elected representatives were indulging in defection in order to because ministers or for cash rewards.
- The Supreme Court passed an order to reduce the influence of money and criminals. It is mandatory for every candidate to control elections to the file and affidavit giving details of his property and criminal cases pending against him.
- The election commission passed an order making it necessary for political parties to hold their organizational election and file their income tax returns.