The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal started in the first decade of the 20th century as a result of Lord ’ Curzon’s decision to partition Bengal in 1905. Then people were urged to boycott-British goods of all kinds and to use goods of their own country.
The following points show relationship between Khadi and National Movement
(i) The use of Khadi was made a patriotic duty. This rough homespun was glorified in songs and poems to popularise it.
(ii) To inspire people, Gandhiji made spinning on the charkha and requested people to use khadi or coarse cloth made from homespun yarn.
Khadi was to him a sign of purity, simplicity and of poverty.
(iii) Wearing khadi became a symbol of nationalism, a rejection of Western mill-made cloth, large number of people started to year only Khadi.
(iv) Khadi rendered an opportunity to every man and woman to cultivate self-discipline and self-sacrifice as a part of the Non-Cooperation Movement.