Various sports injuries :
(a) Head and face injuries (occur in contact sports).
(b) Soft tissue injuries (sprain and strain).
(c) Joint injuries such as neck injury, elbow, wrist and knee injuries.
(d) Bone injuries which include different fractures.
Management of Soft Tissue Injuries :
(i) First Aid
(a) Injured part must be given rest.
(b) Give cold compression for 20 minutes, at interval of two hours.
(c) Do not give massage or fomentation for 48 hours.
(ii) Immediate Management
(a) Injured part is elevated in the most comfortable position.
(b) Keep on applying ice packs to muscles or joints to minimize the swelling.
(c) Pressure bandage to be applied.
(iii) Later Management
(a) Stretching can be started after two days.
(b) Exercise should be avoided in case of pain and severe injury.
(c) Protective padding, support and use of the specific aids.
(d) Joint mobilization and improvement of range of movement should be started with healing of the injury.