A series of research, development and technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1940s and the late 1970s that increased agriculture production worldwide is called Green Revolution. The initiatives led by Norman E Borlaug, the Father of Green Revolution credited with saving over billion people from starvation.
It involves the development of high yielding varieties and modernisation of management techniques, by use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides by the farmers. It was dependent mainly on plant breeding techniques for the development of high yielding and disease resistant varieties of wheat, rice, maize, etc. Dr. MS Swaminathan also known as Father of Green Revolution in India, arranged the visit to Dr. NE Borlaug for obtaining wheat variety possessing Norin 10 dwarfing gene.