Differentiate between issue-specific movements and generic movements

cbse
popular-struggles
cbse-class-10
political-science
cbse-class-10-social

#1

Differentiate between issue-specific movements and generic movements. Give an example of an issue-specific movement and explain.

Answer:
Issue-specific Movements:

  • They achieve a single objective within a limited timeframe.
  • There is clear leadership.
  • They have some sort of an organisation, i.e., organisational features of order, stability, leadership, etc. are visible in them.
  • Their active life is usually short, e.g., the Narmada Bachao Andolan.

Generic Movements:

  • They are more general movements that seek to achieve a broad goal in the long term.
  • They have independent leadership.
  • There is no single organisation that controls or guides such movements.
  • General movements are environmentalists’ movements or the women’s movements.
    In India, Narmada Bachao Andolan is a good example of this kind of movement.
  1. The movement started with the specific issue of the tribal people displaced by the creation of Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada River.
  2. Its objective was to stop the dam from being constructed.
  3. Gradually, it became a wider movement that questioned all such big dams and the model of development that required such dams.
  4. Movements of this kind tend to have a clear leadership and some organisation. But their active life is usually short.
  5. Another strike followed in April and the government imposed the martial law.