Did medieval executioners wear masks? Why?
No, largely the idea of medieval executioners wearing masks is a modern invention propagated by Hollywood films and pop culture. If one looks at illustrations of executions or written descriptions of them from this period, it is easy to see that most executioners did not wear masks and sometimes were seen as minor celebrities within their towns. The idea of executioners wearing masks comes from the early modern period when executions became more socially unacceptable and executioners began to hide their identity in order to stop individuals from hunting them down or following them after the executions.