Did common people carry swords in medieval Europe? Were there any “sword control” laws or actions?
In the early period of the Middle Ages, swords and other weapons were usually reserved for soldiers and the upper classes. Most farmers and common people would likely carry small knives or something similar for defense against bandits and criminals, but swords were not exceedingly common. As metallurgy improved over the centuries, swords became far cheaper to produce and purchase.
This meant that many people from the lower classes could now own and carry swords, but that did not mean it was common for them to carry one all of the time. Unfortunately it is difficult to say how common swords were among the common people due to a lack of records of this period on the subject, but it is likely that weapons would largely be prohibited in places such as courts, taverns, or inns, in order to prevent fights becoming out of control.