Over half of the world’s pastoral papulation lives in Africa.
Even now, over 22 million Africans depend on some forms of pastoral activities for their livelihood.
The three features of the life of African pastoralists are
(i) Some important pastoral communities of Africa include Bedouins, Berbers, Maasai, Somali, Boran and Turkana, etc.
(ii) Most of them now live in the semi-arid grasslands or arid deserts where rainfed agriculture is difficult.
(iii) They raise cattle, camels, goats, sheep and donkey. Their main occupation is selling milk, meat, animal skin and wool. They also earn through trade and transport, some types of agricultural activities and also variety of odd jobs.
By doing all these jobs, the pastoralists are trying to supplement their meagre and uncertain earnings from pastoralism.