An important method of organization of data is to distribute data into different classes on the basis of their characteristics. This process is known as Classification of Data. Classification is the grouping of related facts into classes or groups. Unorganized or shapeless data can neither be easily compared nor interpreted. The technique of arranging the data in different homogeneous groups is known as Classification.
According to Horace Secrist, "Classification is the process of arranging data into sequence and groups according to their common characteristics or separating them into different but related parts.
Objectives of Classification
These are following objectives of classification:
(i) To make the data simple and brief : The main objective of classification is to condense the large data to make them easily understood. For example, if there are 100 students in a class then their marks can be put in the following way :