- Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation, art and poetry, stories and music helped to express and shape nationalist feelings.
- emotions, intuition and mystical feelings were not focused.
- their effort was to shared collective heritage, a common cultural past, as the basis of a nation.
- They criticized the glorification of reason and science. -
- German philosopher Johann Gottfried popularised true spirit of nation through folksongs, folk poetry and folk dance.