Consider figure for photoemission

cbse
dual-nature

#1

Consider figure for photoemission. How would you reconcile with momentum conservation? Note light (photons) have momentum in a different direction than the emitted electrons.


#2

During photoelectric emission, the momentum of incident photon is transferred to the metal. At microscopic level, atoms of a metal absorb the photon and its momentum is transferred mainly to the nucleus and electrons.
The excited electron is emitted. Therefore, the conservation of momentum is to be considered as the momentum of incident photon transferred to the nucleus and electrons.