Compare and contrast the attitudes toward science and technology held by
Enlightenment thinkers with the various attitudes held by European artists and
intellectuals in the twentieth century.
he Enlightenment period was a time where everything was questioned, so science and technology were the means through which the Enlightenment thinkers answered them.
Enlightenment thinkers believed that natural science and reason could explain all aspects of life, even natural laws.
This led to the creation of social sciences and the idea of progress, or the betterment of people.
Scholars such as Bernard de Fontenelle even made highly complicated scientific ideas accessible to a broad audience.
Technology was valued and it was seen in the way that governments/monarchs encouraged scientific inquiry as a means to further the state’s prestige and remain at the cutting edge of technology.