Classify industries on the basis of their economic activities with examples.
- There are many activities that are undertaken by directly using natural resources.
- They are called primary since it forms the base for all other products that are subsequently produced.
- Since most of the natural products we get are from agriculture, dairy, fishing, forestry, this sector is also called agriculture and related sector.
For example: In activities like dairy, we are dependent on the biological process of the animals and availability of fodder, etc.
- It covers activities in which natural products are changed into other forms through ways of manufacturing that we associate with industrial activity.
- The product is not produced by nature but has to be made and therefore, some process of manufacturing is essential.
- Since this sector gradually becomes associated with the different kinds of industries that come up, it is also called an industrial sector.
For example: Using sugarcane as a raw material, we make sugar orgur.
- These are activities that help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors.
- These activities, by themselves, do not produce a good but they are an aid or a support for the production process.
- Since these activities generate services rather than goods, the tertiary sector is also called the service sector.
For example: Goods that are produced in the primary or secondary sector need to be transported by trucks or trains and then sold in wholesale and retail shops.