Classify industries on the basis of their economic activities with examples

cbse
economics
cbse-class-10
sectors-ind-economy
cbse-class-10-social

#1

Classify industries on the basis of their economic activities with examples.

Answer:

Primary sector:

  • There are many activities that are undertaken by directly using natural resources.
  • They are called primary since it forms the base for all other products that are subsequently produced.
  • Since most of the natural products we get are from agriculture, dairy, fishing, forestry, this sector is also called agriculture and related sector.
    For example: In activities like dairy, we are dependent on the biological process of the animals and availability of fodder, etc.

Secondary sector:

  • It covers activities in which natural products are changed into other forms through ways of manufacturing that we associate with industrial activity.
  • The product is not produced by nature but has to be made and therefore, some process of manufacturing is essential.
  • Since this sector gradually becomes associated with the different kinds of industries that come up, it is also called an industrial sector.
    For example: Using sugarcane as a raw material, we make sugar orgur.

Tertiary activities:

  • These are activities that help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors.
  • These activities, by themselves, do not produce a good but they are an aid or a support for the production process.
  • Since these activities generate services rather than goods, the tertiary sector is also called the service sector.
    For example: Goods that are produced in the primary or secondary sector need to be transported by trucks or trains and then sold in wholesale and retail shops.