A long straight wire carries a current of 35 A

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movingcharges

#1

A long straight wire carries a current of 35 A . What is the magnitude of the field B at a point 20 cm away from the wire?


#2

Here, we have to find the magnetic field at point P.
I = 35 A and r = 20 cm= 0.2 m The wire is long and it is considered as an infinite length wire. The magnetic field
B = ${ ยต }_{ 0 }$ / 4 $\pi$. 2I/ r
= ${{10}^{-7}}$ x 2 x 35 / 0.2 = 3.5 x ${{10}^{-5}}$ T
The direction of magnetic field is given by right hand thumb rule. If current is upwards, then magnetic field at P is perpendicularly inwards to the plane of paper.