A fringing reef is formed by _______________.
It is distinguished from the other two main types (barrier reefs and atolls) in that it has either an entirely shallow backreef zone or none at all. This type of coral reef is the most common type of reef found in the Caribbean and Red Sea.
The reef flat and the reef slope.
The reef flat is the shoreward, flat, broadest area of the reef.
The reef slope is found at the outer edge of the fringing reef, closest to the open ocean.